Glaucoma Part 2

Hey guys, I’m back again! To pick things up where we left off in the last entry, this article will be the second installation of the Glaucoma series.

The primary open angle (POA)  type steadily lessens peripheral vision alone. Usually, perpetual deterioration will happen before you know it. If intraocular pressure (IOP) is great, the damage caused by POA will further develop till tunnel sight comes about. This will cause the capacity to only view things that are only aligned in the front. Eventually, it will lead to complete loss of sight.

Acute angle-closure type causes unexpected signs of illnesses such as pain in the eye, head pounds, rings situated on the sides of light, expounded pupils, loss of sight, bloodshot eyes, and revulsion. If any of you notice these signs get professional help immediately. It might be a sight of an incursion which might go on for a long time recurrently. Each incursion will leave you with increased gradual loss of sight.

The normal-tension type, similar to POA, can reduce depth of sight due to optic nerve destruction and is a type of open-angle glaucoma. However, for this type the IOP doesn’t deviate. In addition, only after signs of illness such as tunnel sight come about, feelings of pain is not probable to become apparent and perpetual harm may not be realized. The root originator of this condition is unrecognized. Optical surgeons believe it to be correlated with inefficient and insufficient transfer of red body fluid to the optic nerve. This type of glaucoma is particularly widespread amongst japanese females.

The next type of glaucoma that I will discuss is pigmentary. Due to blockage of the eye’s seepage angle from pigments which has separated from the iris and lack of liquid movement from the eye, this type of glaucoma is developed. As time goes by, in answer to the clogged angle, inflammatory destruction of the seepage structure happens. Signs of illness is also seldom becomes apparent with this type of glaucoma. White males between 30-49 are most susceptible to this condition.

Signs of illness of incessant glaucoma after an eye wound might signify secondary glaucoma. This type of glaucoma evolves if a form of contamination occurs. Lastly, the type of glaucoma which is rooted in genetics is congenital. 80% of one year olds are affected by his condition. They experience limited vision and complications in the seepage structure. Identifying this type is complex due to the fact kids are not aware of the changes that they experience. This condition usually affects more boys than girls.
In the next parts we will go over those who are at risk of developing glaucoma, the signs of illnesses to expect, and the tests. Till then, stay safe and take care of your eyes!


Glaucoma Part 1

From the depths of the worldwide web, I am back! I hope you guys missed me cause you’re in for a treat. As you read in the title, today’s entry will be all about glaucoma.

Glaucoma is a categorization of illnesses that destroy the optic nerve; the optic nerve is responsible for transferring data between the eye and brain. Most of the time, glaucoma does not show signs of illness when it is just starting.

Usually, it is correlated with extra eye pressure which is referred to as ocular hypertension. However, the occurrence can still be possible even if eye pressure is regular. Glaucoma can lead to loss of peripheral vision and may even leave an individual sightless.

2.2 million of the US populace is possess primary open-angle glaucoma, which is the most common type. This amount is bound to increase by 50% when the year 2020 comes around. Due to the fact there are no beginning signs of illnesses, half of the US populace with glaucoma aren’t even aware they possess it. This condition is the only condition behind the biggest reason for loss of sight in the US which is macular degeneration and the condition that is behind cataracts which is the main reason of loss of sight, worldwide.

There are two main types of glaucoma. Specifically they are, open-angle glaucoma and narrow angle glaucoma. The seepage angle within the eye which monitors the release of fluids which is formed in the eye, is what the angle is referred to. The condition is recognized as open angle if the fluids has entry into the seepage angle. The condition is recognized as narrow angle if the seepage angle and fluids do not have access to reach.

The kinds of open angle glaucoma are primary open angle, normal-tension, pigmentary, pseudoexfoliation, secondary and congenital. Types of narrow angle glaucoma are acute angle closure, chronic angle closure, and neovascular.
In the following parts of this series I will cover the details about the types of glaucoma, tests, symptoms and the like. I’ll see you back in that article! Till then, take care and don’t forget to share this article with your friends and leave your comments to help us improve our content!


Cataracts: Part 2

Hey readers, I hoped you enjoyed your break! For this entry I’ll be explaining about the steps you can take to prevent developing cataracts and the treatment available to you if the former is not an option.

Research has proven that there are particular types of sources of nourishment that might help cutting down the possibility of developing cataracts, although some might argue as this topic is quite controversial. More consumption of Vitamin E and carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin were synonymous with compelling reduction of cataract risk, a 10 year research of female health professionals concluded. Sunflower seeds, almonds and spinach are some examples of quality vitamin E sources. Spinach, Kale and leafy green veggies are potent sources of lutein and zeaxanthin.

Antioxidant nutrients such as Vitamin and edibles containing EPA and DHA cuts down risk of cataracts as research has proven. Sunglasses that protect all of the sun’s ultraviolet beams is an action you can take to cut down your risk of developing cataracts when outdoors.

With the use of new glasses, bifocal lenses, magnifying, correct brightness or other forms of visual help, you can strengthen your vision when signs of cataracts begin to appear. If the condition has developed to the point of disallowing appropriate functioning, consider surgery. Cataract surgery is not complex and painless, so even if you think bad sight is a part of the aging process, cataract surgery should still be considered.

The surgical process of cataract removal is truly phenomenal in regaining vision. Cataracts is the most commonly conducted operation in the USA. Over 3 mill of the population go through the process every year. Every 1 out of 10 who undergo the process do not restore 100% of their sight.

The surgical process involves removal of the cloudy lens in place of a plastic intraocular lens (IOL). In order to lessen the complexity of the surgical process, new IOLS are innovated frequently. There are Presbyopia IOLs which correct all sights of all length, not only one. Research has indicated that an exclusive form of IOL which inhibits UV and blue light rays, is potentially harmful to the retina. Certain medication for prostate may lead to a development of intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS) whilst in cataract surgery. Caution is advised.
Well, that ends our series of Cataracts! In this 2 part series, you can know most of everything you need to know about cataracts. Be sure to be a look out for our next article which is coming up real soon. Don’t forget to leave us a comment and share it with your friends who might benefit from this quick read! Till the next article, farewell!


Cataracts: Part 1

Hey guys, I hope your Chinese New Year holidays are treating you well. The monkey is a particular animal with a vivid character and set of skills. That’s probably as much technicality I can write about the advent of how the year of the monkey will affect us! Leaving the festivities aside, in this entry I will be focusing diving into the topic of cataract.

When the organic lens of the eye that sits at the back of the iris and the pupil clouds, the phenomenon is referred to as cataracts. Cataracts are the biggest contributor to going blind and prevalent vision impairment in those over age 40. Glaucoma, macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy altogether affect lesser individuals that cataracts alone. Over 22 million Americans aged above 40 are subjected to having cataracts. By the year 2020, over 30 million American individuals are anticipated to develop cataracts.

There are three types of cataracts that can occur. The first that I will discuss is subcapsular cataracts. This particular cataract occurs behind the lens of the eye. Individuals affected with diabetes and or are taking high doses of chemical performance enhancements have a greater chance of getting subcapsular cataracts.

Next in line for discussion is nuclear cataract. This specific cataract develops profoundly in the nucleus of the lens. This particular form of cataract is affirmed with age.

The last cataract that will be discussed is the cortical cataract. This cataract is can best described as having white, triangular chunk-like cloudiness that begins in the lens’ outskirts and makes its destination to the middle. The section of the lens which envelops the nucleus is where this type of cataract will occur.

In the beginning, cataracts has minute ramifications on vision as its initialization is tiny. It may seem like vision applied a cloudy filter. Colors tend not to be as apparent and lit as before.

Different types of cataracts yield different signs of illness and the period of age it develops. In the case of a nuclear cataract, initially it can cause improved near vision called second sight. However, it will disappear, and when it does the cataract will become worse. On the contrary, subcapsular cataracts might not develop any sign of illness till it is fully developed.

Just like a lens on a camera, the eye operates through fixating light onto the retina for optimal sight. It also lets its owners view objects optimally both near and in the distance as it adjusts the eye’s fixation. The organic lens is comprised mainly of protein and water. As it is fragmented in an accurate manner, the protein keeps the lens apparent and allows light a passage.

However, as age catches up, a cloud might start to form around a tiny dimension on the lens as a few of the proteins might jumble. This is known as a cataract; along the span of time, it may develop bigger and haze the lens causing it to be difficult to view.

Cataracts are developed through oxidative translations in the organic lens, one theory states. Nutritional research has shown that fruits and veggies which are packed with antioxidants might aid in the prevention of cataracts. Aside from keeping a healthy diet, abstinence from smoking and regular exercise will help with lowering chances of developing cataracts.
This marks the end of part 1. In part 2, prevention and treatment will be discussed. Till then!



Welcome back readers! In this entry, I’ll be writing about another common visual complication, presbyopia. The progressive deficit of your eyes’ capacity to fixate on things up close is referred to as presbyopia. Usually an irritating part of getting old, it is innate. It starts to become apparent in the beginning to middle forties and continuously gets worse till about sixty-five.

Even though you have not experience a vision complication before, presbyopia is inevitable. When wearing glasses or contacts to optimize vision, even nearsighted individuals will experience that their vision up close becomes fuzzy. The World Health Organization bestowed that over a billion individuals in the planet were presbyopic as of 11 years ago. Sufficient adjustment through glasses were not accessible to 517 million of these individuals. For folks who live in the provincial areas, eyeglasses are either inaccessible or unaffordable; the case is not the same for individuals who live in urbanized regions. This is depressing due to the fact strong vision up close is essential in order to be literate and to perform work that is close-up.

The necessity to keep reading items distant in order to appropriately fixate is the phenomenon that occurs when individuals acquire presbyopia. When performing work that requires being near such as writing; strained eyes, headaches and fatigue may be experienced by these individuals. Differing from the previous conditions I wrote articles regarding, presbyopia is unrelated to the structure of the eye and is caused by a hereditary and surrounding factors. Slow curdling and elasticity decay of the organic lens in the eye is the cause of presbyopia. Causing the lens to become thicker and less flexible over time is what changes with age inside the lens protein. Muscle fibers in the lens’ environment also changes due to age. The eye has a complicated time fixating up close due to the deficit in flexibility.

The usual treatment for presbyopia is bifocal glasses or progressive addition lenses (PALs). The main part of the glasses contain a prescription for distant vision whilst the portion bottom of the lens keep the stronger near prescription for work up close is the two points of focus when bifocal is mentioned. With an invisible line between them and offering a more slow happening visual change between the two prescriptions is the difference between progressive addition lenses and bifocal lenses. Bifocals and PALs are usually worn throughout the day but glasses that are for reading are mostly worn when used for work up close.

Multifocal contacts which are available in gas permeable and soft lens materials can also be opted for by presbyopic individuals. Monovision which is where one eye uses a prescription for distance and the other one for near vision is another type of contacts for presbyopic adjustment. One eye or another is preferred for different tasks learnt by the brain. Some rant that they experience a reduction in their visual awareness, perceptive intensity deficit with monovision but some are ecstatic about the proposed answer. Prescription for presbyopia has to be incremented as time passess due to the aging of the lens. Prescription of a stronger amendment for work up close as you need it can be anticipated from your optician.
That marks the end of this entry. We hope you have enjoyed this read and have benefitted from it intellectually. Do get in touch with us with your feedback as it is very important to us! Till next time!



Hey readers, I’m back again with another article for you! This time around I’ll be writing about hyperopia which is also known as farsightedness.

A hyperopic eye views objects distinctly in comparison to an eye which is not hyperopic. Being able to effortlessly view objects at a stretch as compared to nearby is the visual condition individuals with hyperopia or farsightedness experience. Extreme cases of hyperopia may cause vision to be so fuzzy which disallows functioning of simple tasks such as reading or sewing. Not a normal or common condition, hyperopia is varies in terms that its implication will alter as aging occurs.

Hyperopia is a condition whereby light which enters the eye is fixated at the back of the retina rather than out rightly on it. An eye which is abridged, with a cornea that does not possess enough curvature or with lens that sit further behind the eye than usual cause’s hyperopia. Hyperopia is usually hereditary and in some special occasions, complications such as retinopathy and eye tumors can source it.

Fuzzy vision which can further worsen specifically at night, the inability to view things close by, eyestrain, eye aches and headaches are some of the symptoms which is apparent in hyperopic individuals. Minors with this issue may not have any symptoms but one with an extreme condition may have terrible headaches, itchiness which causes eye scratching to occur frequently and issues reading or apathetic towards it.

Most of the time, hyperopia starts developing in the initial stages of childhood. However, regular growth can fix the issue. When the eyes stop developing at about 9 years old, if a child is still slightly hyperopic, the eye can normally adapt to cover the issue. This phenomenon is referred to as accommodation.

However as age catches up, eyes lose their ability to adapt efficiently. Tentatively around age 40, eyes biologically start to diminish its capacity to fixate on things that are near. This phenomenon is referred to as presbyopia. As this phenomena occurs, you may begin to detect that vision up closed becomes fuzzy. Both up-close and distant vision ends up fuzzy as the condition worsens.
An ophthalmologist or optometrist is able to determine whether an individual is hyperopic by simply conducting a regular eye test. Questions regarding the quality of your vision and a physical examination of your eyes is included in the test. A slit lamp exam such as ophthalmoscopy, tonometry and other vision exams are also a part of the regular eye test. New babies must undergo eye exams at all well-child visitations.

The majority of hyperopic individuals do not need treatment as their eyes can adapt to cover the problem most of the time. However, if your eyes do not adapt well as age catches up, a pair of glasses or contacts is essential. In a few cases, surgery may be required as it can reinstate the clear lens of your eye with a foreign lens. LASIK and other methods to reshape the cornea can be performed for cases which are less severe.

It is important to note that hyperopia is not a diseases and that the majority of hyperopic individuals possess eyes which are regular and fit. If you are hyperopic, get routine eye tests done and see your optician if you have any qualms in your vision

With that, I end my entry for today. Do watch this space and let us know what you think about our content so that we may deliver content which is constantly improving. Till next time!



Greetings, readers! This time around I’ll be delving into the topic of myopia. I’ll address everything you need to know about myopia and by the time you’re done reading this article you’ll probably feel somewhat like an optician!

Myopia is the eyesight condition whereby something more distant appears obscure but something upclose can be seen clearly. Myopia or more commonly referred to as nearsightedness develops due to a lengthy eyeball or excess incurvation in the corneas. This results in the phenomenon where light which enters the eye isn’t focused appropriately thus causing objects that are far away to look blur.

Nearly 30 percent of the population in the United States are myopic or nearsighted. There are research which has been conducted on nearsightedness which states that heredity plays a large role in the acquisition of myopia. In addition, growing evidence indicates that visual stress of too much work up close is another major factor in individuals affected by myopia.

School-age children are generally the ones who first develop myopia. Due to the fact the eye sustains growth during childhood, this condition progresses typically till the age of 20. Nonetheless, adults may also develop myopia due to health conditions such as diabetes or visual stress.

Issues with the lucidity of objects that are far away such as a chalkboard in school or a TV screen is a common sign of myopia. Testing for myopia will include a comprehensive optometric exam. Prescription contact lenses or eyeglasses can be administered by an optician to correct nearsightedness. It bends visual images that enter the eye and focuses the image accurately at the back of the eye. Individuals need to know their levels of myopia as the use depends on it. If they are low they might not need to wear the all the time which might not be the case with someone of a high level of nearsightedness.

Orthokeratology (ortho-k), also known as corneal refractive therapy, is another option for treating myopia. Involving the use of a series of specially constructed rigid contact lenses to gradually reshape the curvature of your cornea, ortho-k is a non-surgical procedure. The lenses changes how light entering the eye is focused by placing pressure on the cornea to flatten it.

Another possible option to fix myopia are laser procedures. It involves reshaping the cornea by extracting a small amount of tissue which is accomplished by using a highly focused laser beam on the surface of the eye. For those with extreme levels of myopia, procedures involving an implantation of a small lens which corrects the optical issue at hand directly into the eye, either just in front of the lens or replacing the natural lens, are available.
With that, I’ll end my entry for today here. Do get in touch with us with your thoughts about the content we publish as it only allows us to serve you better!


How the World Misunderstood the Mighty Contact Lens (Pt. 2)

We’re back with Part 2 on how the world misunderstood the might contact lens! How many of you, especially the ones who regularly use contacts, are able to debunk the common myths associated with contact lenses? Are you able to confidently determine fact from fiction? Do you believe that contacts are difficult to look after? Do you think it is uncomfortable? Expensive? This post is dedicated to delineate the common myths identified with contacts.

A myth is an idea or a story that is believed by many people, but is not actually true. I don’t mean to ruin your childhood by coming out and saying that Santa Claus is not real, or that Greek gods like Zeus and Poseidon are as real as Santa Claus; but you get my point. Ignorance is bliss, but you can’t remain in the dark for long. Eventually, one has to be enlightened.

The first common myth identified with contacts is that not everyone can wear contacts. Thanks to advances in contact lens technology in recent years, just about everyone and anyone can wear contacts. For example, there are now bifocal contact lenses for people with presbyopia and toric soft lenses that correct astigmatism. Thus, you may be a better aspirant than you think!

The next myth that I will debunk is that it is difficult to use. Although it is true that it takes a bit of practice to get a hang of using contacts, most opticians in optical shops will sit down and do a test run with you. They usually go over how do put them on and take them out, the do’s and don’ts and they will answer any questions you might have. They’ll make sure that before you leave you’re comfortable and confident with your new lenses and keep in touch afterwards to make sure you’re getting on alright with them.

Consequently, age is not a limitation to using contacts. Many people affirm the myth that some are too old or young to use contacts, which isn’t true. There is no official age where one can start using contacts. It really depends on whether your optician believes you are mature and capable enough. Older individuals may need different prescriptions for reading and for distance, but that’s not a problem as there are bifocal and varifocal options. Although as individual’s age, their eyes may become dry or develop other minor disturbances, opticians can guide you through any adjustments you might need to make.

The next myth in line is that contacts are a hassle and they’re uncomfortable. Today’s lenses are made with high-tech material such as silicone hydrogel, that lets in a lot more oxygen into your eyes which ensures adequate hydration and comfort. Using contacts is no more time consuming or difficult than brushing your teeth. Daily disposable are extremely convenient – you wear them once and throw them away. They’re great for those occasional times you don’t want to put on glasses like playing sports or dressing up for an event.

Besides that, a huge myth identified with contacts is that it causes eye problems. Although it’s true that lens wear could increase risk of certain eye problems, if you follow your optician’s instructions regarding how to take care of your lenses, how long to wear them and how frequently you should replace them, wearing contacts is as safe as wearing a frame.

Last but not least, the notion that contacts are expensive is another prevalent myth associated with contacts. Contact lens can sometimes be cheaper than a pair of eyeglasses. Even daily disposable lenses, once considered a luxury, can be gotten at only a few ringgit. Whether you choose dailies or monthlies, varifocal or standard prescription, you’ll be sure to get a good deal from eyetina.

Thank you very much for taking your time to read my article. I hope it has been informative and entertaining. Do get in touch with us and let us know what you think about our content.


Daily Disposable Contact Lenses

Daily disposable contacts are contact lenses that are used for a single time and are extracted and disposed of at the end of each day. A brand new pair of lenses is worn the next morning. Both practitioners and consumers are increasingly advocating daily contacts for their health and amenity benefits.

At the time when disposable contacts were popularized in 1987, most contacts were discharged yearly. Hence, they were regarded as a step towards modernization. Albeit they were referred to as disposable, the exclusive lenses introduced at the time were not single-use. They were generally lasted for about a week or two.

It is common for individuals to get confused between daily wear and daily disposable. This is because of the misunderstanding that contact lenses involve replacement and extraction intervals. The frequency of your lens’ removal and change refers to a term called replacement schedule. A wearing schedule on the other hand refers to the time span of your contacts use before extraction.

Daily wear means the contacts is only worn during the day but not during sleep. Extended wear however means wearing them continuously for two or more days including the duration of sleep. Prescription for disposable contacts can either include daily or extended wear depending on your eye physiology and needs. Daily disposable lenses are mainly for daily use, but some individuals use them just for specific activities such as sports and dispose them immediately without using it for a full day.

To maintain optimum eye health and comfort, frequent replacement of contacts is essential. Substances that are naturally found in your tears such as protein, lipids and calcium can build up on your lenses. These precipitation cause your lenses to feel less comfortable than they were at the time when it was new and also sets your eye up to me more prone to infections. Cleaning your lenses is not 100% effective and will result in some precipitation still lingering and accumulating over time.

Contact lens care can be frustrating. There are two ways around this issue. One is to wear extended lenses continuously for a few days and dispose them when they are removed. The other way is to use daily disposable lenses.

Most opticians and consumers feel that they provide the best of both worlds. They are conducive because they do not require any cleaning of lenses and they are a healthier alternative because there isn’t any accumulation of precipitation and overnight use like extended lenses.

Generally, daily disposable contacts are pricier than extended lenses. Costs can vary depending on the brand of the product and material used. Though, it is important to note that the higher lens cost of daily disposable contacts is fizzled by the money saved from not having to purchase lens care products.

With that said, we have reached the end of our entry for today. As always, do get in touch with us with your thoughts as they are valuable in determining the strength of our content from here on out. Till our next post, farewell!


Soft Contact Lenses

Do you guys know the ins and outs of soft lenses? Well, you sure will regardless by the time you’re done reading this entry.

Soft contact lenses was first approved for supply in the U.S. in 1971. In the first six months, soft contact lenses sales reached $1 Million USD within the first six months. In the UK, there are approximately 3.7 million contact lens users, of these the majority use soft lens.

As their name suggests, these lenses have a soft structure. They are very comfortable to wear due to its soft structure which is a bit like a piece of thick clingfilm. In most cases, their gas permeable counterparts are smaller in size. These cover the whole iris, cornea and lays on the sclera.

Soft lenses are able to stay in place reliably and easy to adjust. The flexible plastic is combined with water to allow oxygen to pass through the contact lens to the cornea. This is also responsible for added comfort and maintenance of eye health.

Replacement regularity or wearing schedules often describe soft lenses. There are two-weekly, monthly, and in some cases three-monthly or six-monthly replacements. The lenses may operate on a daily-use basis and sometimes for up to 30 days of extended or continuous wear.

The daily disposable contact lenses are the most commonly fitted soft lens in the UK. Wide array of materials, fit, powers and designs are offered for soft contact lenses to correct all kinds of vision. Much like a sponge, soft lenses incorporate water and must be kept in contact lens solution to prevent them from drying out.

There are soft contact lenses to correct myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia. Myopia is also known as shortsightedness; it is when a person is unable to see objects clearly in the distance. Contact lenses for this prescription require a ‘-‘ (minus) power.

Hyperopia is known longsightedness; when a person is unable to see objects clearly up close. Contact lenses for this prescription require a ‘+’ (plus) power. Astigmatism is a condition which affects the curvature of the eye which causes blurred vision. In my previous entry I explained everything you need to know about astigmatism. If you haven’t checked it out yet do check it out!

Presbyopia is a condition that usually occurs to those over the age of 40 which causes a person to lose near vision. Contact lenses for presbyopia visual correction often include the words multifocal, progressive, bifocal or presbyopia. To find out which contact lens fits your prescription, you need to contact your optician for a contact lens eye test and fitting.

A new generation of soft contact lenses called silicone hydrogels which allow much more oxygen to pass through to the cornea than previous soft lens material, are healthier for the eye. These materials are now used for all types of soft lenses but was originally intended for extended wear.

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Zero-powered or plano costmetic lenses which are colored and special-effect soft lenses designed to change the color or appearance of the eyes rather than correct eyesight can also be used by specialists to mask eye injury or disfigurement. Many soft contact lenses incorporate a UV (ultraviolet) inhibitor to help protect the eye.
That ends this entry. Please don’t forget to drop a comment as your feedback is important to us! Your thoughts help us dish out stronger content! Watch this space and look out for our next post which will be up very soon!